What’s New in the Industry? Sewer Drain 2016 – NJ Sewer Drain Contractor

Need sewer repair in NJ? Call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.

In our technologically advancing world, sewer and drain services continue to become increasingly sophisticated, effective, and sustainable. As longtime NJ sewer plumbers, our team at A1 Sewer & Drain Services is always keeping up with the latest developments in trenchless sewer repair, drain cleaning, and sustainable waste disposal technologies.

Over time, sewer and drain repair and cleaning become easier, less expensive, and more efficient. Additionally, recent years have brought some very interesting progress in helping make wastewater disposal and wastewater treatment as environmentally sustainable as possible. Green technologies represent a promising new future for sewer and drain services.

At A1 Sewer & Drain Services, we’re available 24/7 for emergency sewer repairs, sewer cleaning, drain repairs and more. Call us any time for fast, reliable residential and commercial services in north NJ, at 201-645-0888.

Sustainable Sewage

Wastewater Solutions

Wastewater contains more than just what you’re thinking of, and environmentally responsible wastewater disposal is a huge concern for US municipalities. While it’s mostly water, it contains many chemical and biological ingredients that can pose problems for the surrounding environment.

The wastewater from local homes and businesses in most of NJ goes through sewer laterals into the municipal sewer system, where it eventually makes its way into a wastewater treatment plant. There, complex chemical and mechanical processes remove contaminants and separate solid sludge from liquid water. The solid waste is incinerated or, occasionally, used for agricultural purposes. The water is either sanitized for reuse or discharged into nearby bodies of water once it’s clean.

Despite the presence of extensive EPA standards regulating wastewater disposal, there is still concern about raw or partially treated sewage entering rivers, streams, lakes, and oceans. The Clean Water Act in the 1970s led to drastic improvements in responsible wastewater management. However, it’s still estimated that as many as 850 gallons of raw sewage per year are entering American freshwater systems. Along with climate change, which increases the likelihood of storms that can lead to sewer overflow, this presents an environmental threat.

Sewage pollution in NJ can result from several factors:

  • Failing or outdated infrastructure
  • Ongoing development that paves over important wetlands and forests that soak up stormwater
  • Stormwater entering into sewer systems and causing overflows

Wastewater pollution can have serious effects on aquatic ecosystems. Wastewater effluent can provide a source of the excess nutrients that cause a biological process called eutrophication, in which excessive phytoplankton (algae) growth depletes the oxygen in water, killing off fish and other organisms. It can also introduce heavy metals and other toxins, which build up in animals and plants in a process called biomagnification.

Furthermore, sewage pollution is hazardous to humans who live near the body of water. Wastewater contains many bacteria that can be dangerous and cause severe illness. There are an estimated 7.1 million mild-to-moderate cases, and 560,000 moderate-to-severe cases, of infectious waterborne disease in the US each year. Of these, the EPA estimates that 1.8 to 3.5 million of these people got sick because of contact with sewage from sewer overflows. While healthy adults often recover well, these illnesses are a very serious threat to children, the elderly, and people with compromised immune systems.

Concerns about the sustainability of wastewater management have led to new, innovative solutions to help improve the environmental footprints of this very important aspect of modern life.

Need sewer repair in NJ? Call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.

Ecological Sewage Systems

The design of ecological sewer systems can vary with different climates, locations, and population densities, but the underlying idea is to use existing ecological processes for water purification and nutrient recycling. Wastewater passes through a managed environment where the waste is used and transformed naturally by plants and animals.

Aquatic plants break down toxic chemicals and contaminants. Many water plants like reeds, lilies, rushes, and duckweeds have symbiotic root microbes that can break down chemicals present in wastewater. Heavy metals are integrated into the plant, accumulating in their stems and leaves. These plants are part of a carefully engineered ecological system containing bacteria, fungi, snails, fish, and other animals.

There are two main types of ecological sewage systems:

  • Constructed Reed Bed Systems. Also known as artificial wetland systems, this approach to wastewater treatment involves reconstructing freshwater wetland ecosystems that may have been damaged in the past. They’re generally used in combination with other sustainable treatment approaches, like septic systems. In a horizontal flow system, wastewater feeds continuously through an inlet/outlet gradient system. Vertical flows apply wastewater in a batch, allowing it to drain. There are also pond systems, in which a series of shallow ponds are linked by a constructed wetland container. Reed bed systems require a significant amount of land, but they’re highly sustainable and energy efficient. They’re also inexpensive, low maintenance, and they create a habitat for wildlife.
  • Solar Aquatic Systems. These wastewater management systems simulate wetland ecological processes in a highly controlled environment. Wastewater that has been treated with anaerobic bacteria is passed through a series of tanks into a greenhouse. There, a special sequence of aquatic plants and animals break down the sewage. The resulting water is not potable, but is clean enough to be safely discharged into the environment.

Biogas Plants: Helping Turn Waste Into Energy

In Europe and the UK, biogas plants are used in conjunction with conventional sewage plants to generate useful gas from sewer sludge. In developing nations, biogas plants have seen success as complete sewer systems. Inside a biogas plant, sewage is piped into a sealed container called a digester. Here, it ferments, which produces a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide (along with slurry). The conversion process destroys pathogens, which renders the slurry harmless. The slurry can be used as fertilizer, and the methane is piped into a gas line.

Vermi-composting: An Innovative Wastewater Disposal Technology

An ever-present problem with centralized sewage disposal systems like sewage treatment plants, as well as septic tanks, is that the end product is still sludge, which requires further treatment. The treatment processes are very energy-intensive. Recently, some homeowners have adopted an innovative new alternative to septic system and other forms of conventional wastewater disposal: vermi-composting.

Vermi-composing uses an unlikely tool: earthworms. A vermi-composter is a simple underground tank that takes in wastewater and organic waste from an individual household. Along with sewage, this includes things like grass clippings and food waste. Worms, beetles, and other small invertebrates convert the waste into humus, which can be used as a soil fertilizer. The filtered water left over can be safely discharged into nearby rivers or streams.

Vermi-composting produces almost no carbon emissions, helping reduce a household’s overall carbon footprint.

Need sewer repair in NJ? Call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.

Modern Sewer Relining Technologies

Along with sewer system sustainability, sewer relining technology is also constantly improving. Since the 1990s, trenchless sewer repair technologies have allowed NJ plumbers to minimize the hassle for homeowners and businesses during the sewer repair process. Nowadays, many sewer repair jobs can be accomplished with little more than access through the cleanout, with no need for extensive sewer excavation.

There are several different types of sewer relining and other trenchless sewer repair techniques available, giving NJ sewer plumbers many options for repairing damage of different type and severity. Sewer lining can reduce stormwater intrusion, patch holes, and restore structural integrity to previously compromised pipes.

Sectional Pipe Lining

Sectional pipe lining is used when only one or a few areas of a sewer main line need rehabilitation, while the rest remains completely intact. Naturally, it’s more economical to repair only the damaged parts of the pipe. There are several approaches to sectional sewer relining:

  • Pull-in-place pipe lining. In the pull-in-place pipe (PIP) method, a liner tube covered in resin is positioned inside the sewer pipe with a pneumatic expansion packer. It’s pulled through the sewer lateral until it’s at the location where the repairs are needed. The packer is inflated until the resin liner is tight against the walls of the pipe. Then, heat or UV light is used to cure and harden the resin. The packer can then be removed, leaving a finished pipe liner in place. This can be accomplished using only the sewer cleanout, without any excavation.
  • Inversion relining. In the inversion method, the resin-covered liner tube is attached to a translucent inversion bladder. The inverting bladder carries the liner through an access point and positions it at the exact location where the sewer repairs are needed. A sewer inspection camera is used to verify placement before curing the pipe liner.

Lateral Pipe Lining

Lateral pipe lining is used to repair a sewer pipe from the access point continuously until reaching a specified point.

  • Double inversion method. Sewer excavation is needed to remove a section of the sewer main line. A predetermined length of resin liner is inverted into the pipe under pressure. The pressure is released, and a bladder is inverted against the liner, maintaining the pressure. This remains in place until the resin is cured, at which point it can be removed.
  • Single inversion method. An excavation is carried out, and a section of the sewer pipe is removed. Then, an inspection camera is used to determine the right placement for the resinated liner while pressure is maintained. The bladder is removed when the liner is hardened and cured inside the pipe.
  • Pull-in-place. Instead of using sewer excavation, this can be done through the cleanout. A cable is strung from the cleanout, through the sewer pipe, to a mainline manhole. A resinated liner, equipped with a nonstick secondary skin, is positioned on a pneumatic bladder that runs the whole length of the pipe. These are then pulled through the cleanout via the cable. A CCTV sewer inspection camera is used to verify placement and positioning. When the liner is cured, the bladder is deflated and removed, along with the secondary skin.

Main/Lateral Connection Lining

A common sewer problem is that the connection between the lateral and the sewer mains is compromised, cracked, broken, or poorly sealed. This creates a prime location for tree root intrusion and groundwater infiltration, leading to further problems. This connection can be lined to ensure that it’s as leak-proof and watertight as possible.

Lateral Pipe Bursting

Lateral pipe bursting is used to remove and replace a severely damaged existing pipe. A cone-shaped tool called a bursting head is inserted and forced through the existing pipe, breaking it apart in the process. The fragments of the old pipe are pushed outward into the surrounding soil. Simultaneously, a new pipe is pushed or pulled into the hole left by the expanding process.

The new pipe can be equal in size the old one, or slightly larger. The bursting system can go around bends in the sewer line, and the hard saddle connection to the main sewer minimizes the risk of leakage.

Need sewer repair in NJ? Call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.

Need Sewer & Drain Services in NJ? Call Us Any Time for Same-Day Service

At A1 Sewer & Drain Services, our NJ plumbers are always in touch with the latest developments in sewer and drain technology. We’re always available for 24-hour same-day service for emergency sewer problems like collapsed sewer lines and sewer backups.

Residential & Commercial

Sewer Cleaning & Repair

Need sewer cleaning? At A1 Sewer & Drain Services, we use hydro jetting technology to clear out even stubborn clogs from inside your drain pipes, restoring normal water flow. Sewer cleaning removes the obstacles that cause wastewater to flow back into your pipes, clogging drains and releasing odorous sewer gases. Call us any time for fast, reliable sewer cleaning in north NJ.


Sewer Relining

Our experienced NJ sewer plumbers use trenchless technologies whenever possible, helping make sewer repair as quick and easy as possible for NJ homeowners. We offer sewer relining, pipe bursting, and more.

Call us any time to find out more, or to get immediate emergency sewer repairs. We’re always available for service in 45 minutes or less.

Need sewer repair in NJ? Call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.

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