NJ Septic Services – Local Sewer Contractors NJ
Prevent pollution with sewer repair and septic system repair from experienced New Jersey contractors: 201-645-0888
In ideal conditions, household wastewater from a home connected to a city sewer system eventually makes its way to a wastewater treatment plant, while buildings with a septic system allow waste to be safely disposed of on-site, with the tank being pumped periodically.
But faulty sewer lines or faulty septic systems can allow sewer water to enter groundwater, where it can wash into rivers, lakes, streams, and coastal areas. Sewage effluent contains dangerous pathogens, such as fecal coliform bacteria, that pose a human health risk by causing diseases like dysentery and typhoid fever.
The content of sewer water also contains nutrients like nitrites and nitrates, which can disrupt aquatic ecosystems with potentially devastating effects.
Sewer systems and septic systems need to be properly designed, constructed, maintained, and repaired to prevent water pollution.
What Causes Sewage Contamination?
There are several different problems concerning sewer pipes and septic systems that can cause sewer water to contaminate drinking water sources, introducing bacteria, nitrates, and trace quantities of toxic chemicals.
Raw Sewage Overflow
In many urban areas, storm sewers for storm water drainage eventually combine with sanitary sewers on the way to the wastewater treatment facility. According to the EPA, 20% of the US population is served by these combined systems. Excessive stormwater from heavy rains or natural disasters like Hurricane Sandy can direct excess untreated flow into waterways, allowing sewage from the sanitary sewers to contaminate bodies of water.
Faulty Septic Systems
The EPA estimates that septic tanks may be contaminating 1% of the aquifers in the United States. Sewage contamination from a septic tank can occur under several conditions:
Poorly placed drainfields. Drainfields, also known as leachfields, provide the area of the septic system where wastewater percolates into the soil, where organic compounds are broken down by natural bacteria. If the drainfield is placed in a bad location, partially treated wastewater can contaminate drinking water sources.
- Poorly constructed percolation systems can also allow untreated wastewater to escape.
- Septic system failure can clog adjacent pipes, resulting in overflow and contamination of surface water.
- High density placement of septic tanks. In suburban areas with many domestic septic tanks in a small area, there is a high local concentration of wastewater that can seep to the surface, running off into surface water or flowing directly to the water table.
The safety of septic system installation can depend on the local terrain, soil qualities, proximity to nearby bodies of water, and other considerations. Proper annual maintenance and professional septic tank repair can help prevent your septic tank from leaking untreated sewage.
Leakage from Sewer Pipes
A leaking sewer line can also allow untreated sewage to escape into groundwater, along with chemicals from industrial sewers, especially where sewer lines are buried below the biologically active upper layers of soil that contain bacteria that can break down organic waste.
Tree roots, unstable soil beneath a pipe, flooding, and sewage backup can lead to leaks from a sewer line. Sewer leak repair is needed from a certified contractor to prevent groundwater contamination from a domestic or municipal sewer line.
Contaminants in Untreated Sewer Water
Untreated sewage is chemically complex, containing a variety of compounds and microorganisms that can pose risks to human health and local ecosystems. It contains high concentrations of many substances that can harm or unbalance aquatic environments, including:
- Fecal coliform bacteria
- Household chemicals
- Trace amounts of prescription or illicit drugs excreted in human urine
When sewer water contaminates sources of drinking water, it can cause exposure to harmful pathogens that cause waterborne diseases like dysentery, cholera, and typhoid fever. In past centuries, these diseases were a serious concern, taking many lives to poor water sanitation.
Sewer water can also cause considerable harm to aquatic and marine ecosystems through a process called eutrophication. The high concentrations of phosphates and other nutrients in sewer water or agricultural runoff induces a much higher growth rate than normal for algae and plants.
This depletes oxygen in the water, killing off fish and other organisms and reducing the ecosystem’s biodiversity.
Sewer Leak Repair NJ – Septic System Repair in New Jersey
Septic system and sewer line replacement or repair helps prevent leaks and holes that allow untreated wastewater and sewage to escape.
For service today, call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.