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Main water line replacement, Trenchless sewer repair, drain repair, and offer a no-dig solution to fixing or replacing water pipes on your New Jersey property. Using trenchless repair, plumbers can fix broken pipes without digging down to access sewer lines, drain lines, and water mains directly. Using specialized equipment and sewer video inspection systems, the process can be carried out through small entry points that won’t disrupt your lawn or landscaping.
Trenchless pipe repairs are suitable for a range of different plumbing applications, including:
- Broken sewer pipe repair
- Main water line repair
- Main water line replacement
- Sewer line replacement
- Underground water leak repair
- Drain pipe repair & replacement
At A1 Sewer & Drain Services, our experienced NJ plumbers provide trenchless sewer, drain, and main water line repairs for homes and businesses throughout northern New Jersey. To find out more about your options for trenchless pipe repairs and trenchless pipe replacement, or to get same-day emergency sewer repairs now, call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain.
Causes of Broken Sewer & Drain Pipes
Like any plumbing pipe, sewer lines and drain pipes can break. A broken sewer pipe can range from minor cracks and pinhole leaks, to a total sewer line collapse. Different types of damage to a sewer or drain pipe require different types of repairs, so it’s important for sewer repair plumbers to identify the problem first. For this, they generally use a sewer camera inspection system to look directly inside the sewer line.
When NJ homeowners need sewer line repair, they usually begin to notice problems around the house. This usually includes:
- Clogged drains in multiple areas of the house. If your sewer line is broken, all of your drains may act as if they’re clogged. They’ll gurgle, bubble up water, and refuse to drain or flush properly. This extends across multiple rooms in the house.
- Sewage smells. As wastewater backs up into your household plumbing, you may notice unpleasant smells emanating from your drains.
- Backflow. In severe cases, a broken sewer line can cause backflow, in which wastewater comes up through your drains. This can flood bathrooms, basements, and other areas with hazardous waste materials, making it important to call a plumber for sewer repairs immediately.
Broken sewer pipes have several possible causes, including:
- Tree root growth. Tree roots love to grow into the interior of sewer pipes and drain pipes. Large trees on your property have sprawling root systems, which continually send out new shoots. These root shoots are naturally drawn toward water and nutrients, two things that your sewer pipe line has in abundance. In most cases, the roots enter through pre-existing cracks or tiny holes. These small holes and cracks may not be a major problem on their own, but the root growth enlarges them and causes further breakage. Roots also clog the sewer line, obstructing water flow and creating problems with backflow and poor drainage in your home.
- Misaligned pipe joints. The joints between sections of sewer pipe or drain pipe can create a potential entry point for tree roots. Shifting soil can also cause them to become misaligned, allowing water to escape and weaken the surrounding soil. This can eventually lead to sewer pipe collapse, which requires extensive sewer main line repair or sewer replacement.
- Cracked pipes. Sewer pipes can develop cracks over time, whether they’re PVC, clay, or metal. This can result from high water pressure, elevated water temperatures, or wear and tear from decades of exposure to running water. Clay sewer pipes are particularly brittle and prone to breakage, although they’re most commonly found in older New Jersey homes.
- Channeling. Channeling occurs in older cast iron pipes, which you might have if your home was built in the mid-20th century. Before about 1970, the hardness and durability of cast iron made it a popular choice for residential sewer main lines. However, unlike PVC and other heavy-duty plastics, cast iron isn’t necessarily water resistant. Many old cast iron pipes exhibit channeling, or deep lines and grooves carved by running water. This can wear down through the bottom of the pipe, causing water to leak down into the soil and displace the pipes. Channeling also produces rough, jagged areas where sewer clogs are likely to form. If you have old metal pipes with signs of channeling, you may need trenchless sewer repair or trenchless sewer pipe replacement.
- Corrosion and calcification. Old cast iron pipes are also prone to rust and corrosion. Even galvanized pipes, which have a protective layer of zinc, can wear down and expose the iron to water, leading to oxidation. Metal pipes can also develop calcification and scale. Water contains tiny, trace amounts of various minerals and sediments, including calcium. Over time, calcium deposits and other mineral deposits can form along the bottom and sides of the pipe, weakening the metal and constricting water flow.
- Sewer pipe collapse. Sewer pipes can collapse completely, often from a combination of breakage, damage, and unstable soil. Collapsed sewer pipes can happen suddenly, and require emergency sewer repair service immediately.
- Degraded Orangeberg pipes. Orangeberg pipes were used during the 1940s, when World War II created metal shortages. Orangeberg pipes are made from compressed tar paper, and the few remaining Orangeberg pipes on historic NJ properties are highly prone to sewer line collapse. If you’re buying a home that was built during the 1940s, you may want to get sewer inspection service to find out whether you have Orangeberg pipe. If so, you’ll want to replace it before you move in.
Understanding Trenchless Sewer Repair Techniques
To fix broken water main lines, sewer pipes, and drain pipes, sewer and drain service contractors generally use trenchless repair techniques whenever possible. Up until a couple of decades ago, sewer repair and main water line replacement generally required contractors to use extensive excavation to access underground water pipes directly. Newer trenchless pipe repair techniques can often circumvent the need for sewer excavation, allowing plumbers to fix underground pipes through a couple of small access points instead.
Sewer excavation can often damage or destroy driveways and patios, if the damaged part of the underground pipe ran below them. Obviously, this makes the sewer repair or main water line replacement process more intrusive and expensive than it already is. Trenchless repairs don’t require any disruption to brick or concrete areas above underground water or sewer pipes, making it a better choice for many NJ homeowners.
Trenchless Sewer Repair & Main Sewer Line Replacement Techniques
There are several different types of trenchless repair and replacement techniques, which are useful for different types of damage to broken main water lines or broken sewer pipes. After looking at the symptoms of your broken sewer line or water pipe, and using sewer camera inspection to look up close, plumbers can choose the right trenchless pipe repair method.
Some of the ways to use trenchless approaches to repair sewers and replace main water lines include:
- Cure-in-Place Pipe (CIPP) Lining. CIPP lining is a type of water pipe and sewer relining that uses a felt, polyester, or fiberglass cloth tube that’s saturated in a special resin. This is the pipe liner. The liner is pulled or inverted into the broken pipe from an upstream access point. This is usually either a manhole, or a small hole that contractors excavate themselves. As little to no digging is required, this method is minimally disruptive and very cost-effective. Air pressure or water pressure is used to invert the pipe liner. When it’s in place, contractors use hot water, ultraviolet light, or steam to cure the resin. This hardens the new pipe liner, forming a tight-fitting and jointless replacement pipe that’s highly resistant to corrosion. Additional seals are sometimes used to further secure the liner in place. Modified liners are available for pipes with inbuilt bends, usually made from a wrinkle-resistant woven fabric.
- PIP pipe lining. PIP lining is one of two main methods for CIPP sewer relining. The liner is pulled into the position where it’s needed and cured into place.
- Inversion lining. Inversion lining is another approach for installing CIPP liners. This is particularly suitable for renovating long sections of sewer pipes or main water lines.
- Pipe bursting. Pipe bursting is used for sewer pipe and main water line replacement, when the broken pipes are too damaged to be patched with a liner. Pipe bursting completely pushes out sections of a severely damaged, burst, or collapsed sewer or water main pipe, replacing it with a brand new section of pipe. Like CIPP lining, pipe bursting is a trenchless repair technique that doesn’t require any extensive excavation. After an initial sewer video inspection, a cable is attached to a special piece of machinery called a bursting head. The bursting head, which can be either hydraulic or pneumatic, is cone-shaped and designed to fracture and push away the old pipe. The cable behind the bursting head pulls a new section of pipe into place. Pipe bursting can be used for up to 400 meters of sewer line or main water line replacement, although it’s occasionally used for longer lengths of pipe. To use pipe bursting, sewer and drain service plumbers in NJ need to take the soil quality into account. Dense soil requires more force from the bursting head, as does soil below the water table. Soil that’s too loose can also complicate things.
Trenchless sewer repair techniques can be adapted to fix a range of common sewer pipe, drain pipe, and main water line problems. Whether the pipe needs to be patched up, or replaced completely, trenchless methods make the process simple and painless for local NJ homeowners.
Broken Sewer Main Line: Repair or Replace?
If you have a broken sewer pipe, drain pipe, or water main line, your options may include either repair or replacement. In many cases, techniques like drain and sewer relining can fix the problem in a simple and cost-effective manner. However, for severely damaged pipes, you may need total sewer replacement or main water line replacement.
Some of the reasons to replace an underground water pipe, using either pipe bursting or excavation, include:
- Old, corroded metal pipes. Newer materials like PVC are resistant to corrosion, and may not require as many joints to connect pipe sections– joints create a potential location for leaks and other pipe failures. Very old metal sewer and water main pipes should probably be replaced completely with either PVC or copper, especially if you have cast iron pipes. When moving into an older home in NJ, you should get sewer inspection and plumbing inspection services before you move in. That way, you can replace old and broken water pipes before they can cause any problems. As a general rule of thumb, you should probably replace any pipe that’s more than 40 years old.
- Collapsed sewer pipes. Sewer pipes that have broken apart and collapsed because of tree root growth, corrosion, or other problems, should be replaced completely.
- Orangeberg pipes. Old Orangeberg types from the World War II era are becoming increasingly rare as time goes on, but if you have one on your property, you should definitely replace it. Orangeberg pipes are a ticking time bomb that could collapse at any time, leading to backflow, water damage, and other expensive problems.
Trenchless Main Water Line Replacement
Trenchless main water line replacement, sewer replacement, and pipe repair options are surprisingly durable, and generally come with warranties of up to 50 years. Replacing a water main or a sewer pipe isn’t cheap, but you’ll probably only have to do it once. A new main water line replacement or sewer pipe is good for decades to come.
While trenchless sewer and water main replacement can sometimes cost slightly more than excavation, depending on your particular pipe problems, the lack of disruption and driveway damage can often make it less expensive overall. When deciding between trenchless pipe replacement and excavation, you should take all of these factors into account. An experienced sewer service plumber can also recommend which option is best for your situation, and which would produce more effective long-term results.
Main Water Line Replacement, Sewer Pipe Repair, & More in New Jersey
At A1 Sewer & Drain Services, we proudly provide our north NJ community with professional sewer, drain, and water supply line repair and replacement. We serve local businesses, industrial facilities, and residential homeowners with high quality service at fair and reasonable prices. Using the latest trenchless technology, we can fix even the most severe damage to sewer and drain lines quickly and effectively, with minimal disruption for your home or business. To find out more, or to get same-day emergency service today, call us any time at A1 Sewer & Drain Services, at 201-645-0888.